A commercialized dietary supplement alleviates joint pain in community adults: a double-blind, placebo-controlled community trial.

TitleA commercialized dietary supplement alleviates joint pain in community adults: a double-blind, placebo-controlled community trial.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsNieman DC, R Shanely A, Luo B, Dew D, Meaney MPat, Sha W
JournalNutr J
Volume12
Issue1
Pagination154
Date Published2013 Nov 25
ISSN1475-2891
KeywordsAged, Arthralgia, Biomarkers, C-Reactive Protein, Curcuma, Dietary Supplements, Double-Blind Method, Female, Ginger, Glucosamine, Humans, Hyaluronic Acid, Interleukin-10, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8, Male, Middle Aged, Plant Bark, Plant Extracts, Plant Roots, Reproducibility of Results, Retrospective Studies, Salix, Surveys and Questionnaires, Treatment Outcome, Triterpenes, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Abstract

<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of 8-weeks ingestion of a commercialized joint pain dietary supplement (Instaflex™ Joint Support, Direct Digital, Charlotte, NC) compared to placebo on joint pain, stiffness, and function in adults with self-reported joint pain. Instaflex™ is a joint pain supplement containing glucosamine sulfate, methylsufonlylmethane (MSM), white willow bark extract (15% salicin), ginger root concentrate, boswella serrata extract (65% boswellic acid), turmeric root extract, cayenne, and hyaluronic acid.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>Subjects included 100 men and women, ages 50-75 years, with a history (>3 months) of joint pain, and were randomized to Instaflex™ or placebo (3 colored gel capsules per day for 8 weeks, double-blind administration). Subjects agreed to avoid the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and all other medications and supplements targeted for joint pain. Primary outcome measures were obtained pre- and post-study and included joint pain severity, stiffness, and function (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities [WOMAC]), and secondary outcome measures included health-related quality of life (Short Form 36 or SF-36), systemic inflammation (serum C-reactive protein and 9 plasma cytokines), and physical function (6-minute walk test). Joint pain symptom severity was assessed bi-weekly using a 12-point Likert visual scale (12-VS).</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Joint pain severity was significantly reduced in Instaflex™ compared to placebo (8-week WOMAC, ↓37% versus ↓16%, respectively, interaction effect P = 0.025), with group differences using the 12-VS emerging by week 4 of the study (interaction effect, P = 0.0125). Improvements in ability to perform daily activities and stiffness scores in Instaflex™ compared to placebo were most evident for the 74% of subjects reporting knee pain (8-week WOMAC function score, ↓39% versus ↓14%, respectively, interaction effect P = 0.027; stiffness score, ↓30% versus ↓12%, respectively, interaction effect P = 0.081). Patterns of change in SF-36, systemic inflammation biomarkers, and the 6-minute walk test did not differ significantly between groups during the 8-week study</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS: </b>Results from this randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled community trial support the use of the Instaflex™ dietary supplement in alleviating joint pain severity in middle-aged and older adults, with mitigation of difficulty performing daily activities most apparent in subjects with knee pain.</p>

DOI10.1186/1475-2891-12-154
Alternate JournalNutr J
PubMed ID24274358
PubMed Central IDPMC4176106