Determining gene expression on a single pair of microarrays.

TitleDetermining gene expression on a single pair of microarrays.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsReid RW, Fodor AA
JournalBMC Bioinformatics
Volume9
Pagination489
Date Published2008 Nov 21
ISSN1471-2105
KeywordsAlgorithms, Bayes Theorem, Databases, Genetic, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Gene Expression, Gene Expression Profiling, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Reproducibility of Results, ROC Curve, Sensitivity and Specificity, Statistics, Nonparametric
Abstract

<p><b>BACKGROUND: </b>In microarray experiments the numbers of replicates are often limited due to factors such as cost, availability of sample or poor hybridization. There are currently few choices for the analysis of a pair of microarrays where N = 1 in each condition. In this paper, we demonstrate the effectiveness of a new algorithm called PINC (PINC is Not Cyber-T) that can analyze Affymetrix microarray experiments.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>PINC treats each pair of probes within a probeset as an independent measure of gene expression using the Bayesian framework of the Cyber-T algorithm and then assigns a corrected p-value for each gene comparison.The p-values generated by PINC accurately control False Discovery rate on Affymetrix control data sets, but are small enough that family-wise error rates (such as the Holm's step down method) can be used as a conservative alternative to false discovery rate with little loss of sensitivity on control data sets.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>PINC outperforms previously published methods for determining differentially expressed genes when comparing Affymetrix microarrays with N = 1 in each condition. When applied to biological samples, PINC can be used to assess the degree of variability observed among biological replicates in addition to analyzing isolated pairs of microarrays.</p>

DOI10.1186/1471-2105-9-489
Alternate JournalBMC Bioinformatics
PubMed ID19025600
PubMed Central IDPMC2605475